Organization and Summary of Changes in Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended
Jul. 31, 2022
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]
|Organization and Summary of Changes in Significant Accounting Policies
Organization and Summary of Changes in Significant Accounting Policies
IronNet, Inc., formerly known as LGL Systems Acquisition Corporation (“Legacy LGL”), was incorporated in the state of Delaware on April 30, 2019 for the purpose of entering into a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, recapitalization, reorganization or other similar business combination with one or more businesses or entities.
On March 15, 2021, Legacy LGL entered into an Agreement and Plan of Reorganization and Merger (“Merger Agreement”), as amended on August 6, 2021, by and among Legacy LGL, LGL Systems Merger Sub Inc. (the “Merger Sub”) and IronNet Cybersecurity, Inc. (“Legacy IronNet”). On August 26, 2021, the Merger Agreement was consummated and the Merger was completed (the “Merger”). In connection with the Merger, Legacy LGL changed its name to IronNet, Inc., and the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) ticker symbols for its Class A common stock and warrants were changed to “IRNT” and “IRNT.WS” respectively.
The Merger was accounted for as a reverse recapitalization. Under this method of accounting, Legacy LGL has been treated as the acquired company for financial reporting purposes. This determination was primarily based on Legacy IronNet's existing stockholders being the majority stockholders and holding majority voting power in the combined company, Legacy IronNet's senior management comprising the majority of the senior management of the combined company, and Legacy IronNet's ongoing operations comprising the ongoing operations of the combined company. Accordingly, for accounting purposes, the Merger was treated as the equivalent of Legacy IronNet issuing shares for the net assets of Legacy LGL, accompanied by a recapitalization. The net assets of Legacy LGL were recognized at fair value (which was consistent with carrying value), with no goodwill or other intangible assets recorded. As a result of Legacy IronNet being the accounting acquirer in the Merger, the financial reports filed with the SEC by the Company subsequent to the Merger are prepared as if Legacy IronNet is the accounting predecessor of the Company. The historical operations of Legacy IronNet are deemed to be those of the Company. Thus, the financial statements included in this report reflect (i) the historical operating results of Legacy IronNet prior to the Merger; (ii) the consolidated results of the Company, following the Merger on August 26, 2021; (iii) the assets and liabilities of Legacy IronNet at their historical cost; and (iv) the Company’s equity structure for all periods presented. The recapitalization of the number of shares of common stock is reflected retroactively to the earliest period presented based on the exchange ratio established in the Merger and will be utilized for calculating loss per share in all prior periods presented. The exchange ratio in the Merger was 0.8141070 of a share of Company common stock per fully-diluted share of Legacy IronNet common stock.
Throughout the notes to the consolidated financial statements, unless otherwise noted, "we," "us," "our," "IronNet," the "Company," and similar terms refer to Legacy IronNet and its subsidiaries prior to the consummation of the Merger, and IronNet, Inc. and our subsidiaries after the Merger.
Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
The interim condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes are unaudited and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim financial reporting. The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated upon consolidation.
These unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the annual consolidated financial statements of IronNet, Inc. and accompanying notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 31, 2022. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements.
The Company’s fiscal year ends on January 31. References to fiscal 2023, for example, refer to the fiscal year ending January 31, 2023. The results of operations for the three and six months ended July 31, 2022 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results that may be expected for the full fiscal year ending January 31, 2023 or any future period.
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments (except as otherwise noted), necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s financial position as of July 31, 2022, its results of operations for the three and six months ended July 31, 2022 and 2021, changes in stockholders’ equity for the three and six months ended July 31, 2022 and 2021, and cash flows for the six months ended July 31, 2022 and 2021.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. Such estimates and assumptions include, but are not limited to, the period of benefit for deferred commissions, the useful life of property and equipment, stock-based compensation expense, fair value of warrants, and income taxes. If the underlying estimates and assumptions upon which the financial statements are based change in future periods, actual amounts may differ from those included in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
As of July 31, 2022, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $9,650, receivables of $9,227, and no debt. In February 2022, the Company entered into an equity line with Tumim Stone Capital, LLC (“Tumim”) under which the Company may, in its discretion, sell shares of its common stock to Tumim for proceeds of up to $175,000, subject to various conditions and limitations set forth in the purchase agreement with Tumim. Proceeds from sales of common stock under the equity line facility with Tumim may be available to the Company to fund future operations in the absence of any material adverse conditions. Based on the current price of our common stock as of the date of this report, we estimate that we would not be able to raise more than approximately $20 million in proceeds under the equity line facility before certain of the ownership limitations applicable to Tumim would be exceeded.
On September 14, 2022, the Company also entered into a securities purchase agreement with 3i LP, or 3i, which is an affiliate of Tumim, pursuant to which the Company will issue a senior unsecured convertible promissory note to 3i for gross proceeds to the Company of $10,000 and may, subject to a number of conditions set forth in the securities purchase agreement with 3i, including specified minimum trading prices and trading volumes, and the repayment or conversion of a specified portion of the initial convertible promissory note, borrow an additional $15,000 from 3i on the same terms and conditions as will be set forth in the initial convertible promissory note. See Note 14 for more information.
The Company’s future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including, but not limited to the rate of its growth, its ability to attract and retain customers and their willingness and ability to pay for the Company's products and services, and the timing and extent of spending to support its multiple and ongoing efforts to market and continue to develop its products. Further, the Company may enter into future arrangements to acquire or invest in businesses, products, services, strategic partnerships, and technologies. The proceeds available under the equity line with Tumim and under the convertible note financing with 3i may not be sufficient to fund the Company’s operations, in which case the Company will be required to seek additional equity or debt financing. In the
event that additional financing is required from outside sources, the Company may not be able to raise it on terms acceptable to it or at all. If additional funds are not available to the Company on acceptable terms, or at all, the Company’s business, financial condition, and results of operations would be adversely affected.
The Company plans to continue to focus its activities on serving cybersecurity detection and response efficiencies of large, critical infrastructure companies and enterprises, including an increased focus on critical suppliers in the defense industrial base. The Company believes that significant opportunities exist for the Company to expand in these sectors, both in the United States and allies of the United States abroad. Growing its position in these customer segments would provide for additional cash flows to be generated from the Company’s operations. Although the Company has historically been successful in securing and implementing customer contracts, uncertainties exist about the ultimate size of this market and the timing and ability of the Company to continue to secure and to expand opportunities in these customer segments.
In parallel with this increased customer focus, the Company is also reducing its operating expenses through a planned reduction in personnel and other reductions of expenses that are not closely directed towards these key focus areas. The Company is also working to improve its operating margins through modifications to its cloud-based computing architectures with a goal of improving efficiencies. Both actions are underway. As described in Note 14 below, the Company is undertaking a personnel reduction of approximately 35% of its workforce.
Despite the Company’s current operating plans to focus its business, to reduce its expenses and to improve its margins and mitigate uncertainties related to them, management believes that the Company may not have sufficient cash and cash equivalents on hand to support current operations for at least one year from the date of issuance of these consolidated financial statements without additional financing. Management has concluded that this circumstance raises substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might become necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standard Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (Topic 326). This standard requires a new method for recognizing credit losses that is referred to as the current expected credit loss (“CECL”) method. The CECL method requires the recognition of all losses expected over the life of a financial instrument upon origination or purchase of the instrument, unless the Company elects to recognize such instruments at fair value with changes in profit and loss (the fair value option). This standard is effective for the Company for the earlier of the fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022 or the time at which the Company no longer qualifies as an emerging growth company ("EGC") under SEC rules. Management is currently evaluating the potential impact of this guidance on its financial statements.
New Accounting Pronouncement Adopted in Fiscal 2023
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“Topic 842”), which outlines a comprehensive lease accounting model that supersedes the previous lease guidance. The guidance requires lessees to recognize lease liabilities and corresponding right-of-use assets for all leases with lease terms greater than 12 months. It also changes the definition of a lease and expands the disclosure requirements of lease arrangements. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Leases (Topic 842) - Targeted Improvements, which provides the option of an additional transition method that allows entities to initially apply the new lease guidance at the adoption date and recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption. The Company adopted the standard on February 1, 2022 using the modified retrospective basis. Using the modified retrospective approach, the Company determined an incremental borrowing rate at the date of adoption based on the total lease term and total minimum rental payments.
The modified retrospective approach provides a method for recording existing leases at adoption with a cumulative adjustment to retained earnings. The Company elected the package of practical expedients which permits the Company to not reassess (1) whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases, (2) the lease classification for any expired or existing leases, and (3) any initial direct costs for any expired or existing leases as of the effective date. The Company also elected the practical expedient to use hindsight when determining the lease term, and the practical expedient lease considerations to not allocate lease considerations between lease and non-lease components for real estate leases. As such, real estate lease considerations are treated as a single lease-component and accounted for accordingly. The Company excludes leases with an initial term of 12 months or less from the application of Topic 842.
Adoption of the new standard resulted in the recording of $974 and $2,654 of current operating lease liabilities and long-term operating lease liabilities, respectively, and $2,685 in corresponding right-of-use (“ROU”) lease assets on that date. The difference between the approximate value of the ROU lease assets and lease liabilities is attributable to deferred rent, which is comprised of tenant improvement allowance and rent abatement. The adoption of the new standard also resulted in recording $187 in current finance lease liabilities and $182 in corresponding ROU assets for finance leases as of the adoption date. The difference between the finance lease ROU lease assets and lease liabilities is not significant. The cumulative change in the beginning accumulated deficit was $20 due to the adoption of Topic 842 and there was no material impact on the Company’s consolidated statement of operations or consolidated statement of cash flows. The Company’s comparative periods continue to be presented and disclosed in accordance with legacy guidance in Topic 840. Refer to Note 8 for additional information.
In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, Debt—Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity (“ASU 2020-06”), which simplifies accounting for convertible instruments by removing major separation models required under current U.S. GAAP. The ASU also removes certain settlement conditions that are required for equity-linked contracts to qualify for the derivative scope exception, and it simplifies the diluted earnings per share calculation in certain areas. ASU 2020-06 is applicable for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023 or the time at which the Company no longer qualifies as an EGC, with early adoption permitted. The Company elected to early adopt this ASU as of February 1, 2022 using the modified retrospective method. The adoption of ASU 2020-06 had an immaterial impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures for the six-month period ended July 31, 2022.
Segment and Geographic Information
Segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker (“CODM”), in deciding how to allocate resources and assess performance. The CODM reviews financial information presented on a consolidated basis for the purposes of allocating resources and evaluating financial performance. Accordingly, management has determined that the Company operates as one operating segment.
The following table presents revenue by geographic location:
Substantially all of the Company’s long-lived assets are located in the United States.